Fun Facts Found Spring 2021

 

It’s not hard to find interesting or useful facts when you crack open a book in the library.  Let’s see what fun facts Sierra found when she browsed through the reference related materials.

 

“From the third century, scores of Indian and Chinese monks travelled between the two cultural regions, trading in manuscripts and ideas. Even as Indian Buddhists travelled across land and maritime trading routes with Sanskrit Mahayana texts and new ideas to the Han and Sui dynasties, Chinese monks made the long overland pilgrimage to places associated with the Buddha. As he set sail for the long journey to Magadha (present-day Bihar) from Xi’an with some trepidation in the year 671, monk I’Tsing comforted himself by dreaming of the “Holy Land.” “I would sometimes direct my thoughts far away to the Mrigadava (Deer Park in Sarnath); at other times I would repose in the hope of reaching the Kukkutapadagiri (the historical Buddhist hill in Gaya),” he wrote in his famous travelogue, A Record Of The Buddhist Religion As Practiced In India And The Malay Archipelago.”  FROM: China’s Ancient Ties With Indian Buddhism (2020), ProQuest Central Database

“We have argued that effective responding to stress involves: (1) activation of motivational systems that mobilize the pursuit of safety/reducing perceived threat, reward/minimizing loss 39–41 or both; regulatory mechanisms comprised of (2) attentional capacities including the ability for broadening, shifting, and sustaining attention to interoceptive and exteroceptive emotional stimuli 42–44 and (3) metacognitive capacities including decentering (e.g., the ability to observe items that arise in the mind with healthy psychological distance, greater self-awareness, and perspective-taking) 45–47 and cognitive reappraisal (e.g., the ability to change one’s evaluation of an event so as to alter its emotional significance) 48;  and (4) resultant broad and flexible behavioral repertoires, which are comprised of maximal emotional clarity and subsequent effectively implemented and goal-relevant responses that produce optimal behavioral outcomes.”  FROM: Emotion Regulation Therapy and Its Potential Role in the Treatment of Chronic Stress-Related Pathology Across Disorders (2020), p. 4. EBSCOhost Database

Bedouin tribes from Arabia had been descending sporadically on the settled peoples of Mesopotamia for centuries, abandoning their harsh nomadic lifestyle in search of something better, but in the mid seventh century something happened that would transform the course of history. In a cave, high above the city of Mecca, the Archangel Gabriel appeared to a forty-year-old merchant called Muhammad, imparting revelations to him that were latter written down as the Qur’an. The religion of Islam was born.”  FROM: Map of Knowledge: A Thousand-year History of How Classical Ideas Were Lost and Found (AZ231.M56 2019)

“Beardedness is one of the most visually salient and sexually dimorphic features of human secondary sexual traits (Dixson et al., 2005). Facial hair is related to men’s success in the marriage market (Barber, 2001), but it still remains puzzling whether beardedness is primarily an attractive ornament for women or a badge of status between men (Kordsmeyer et al., 2018; Puts, 2010). In terms of visually conspicuous and sexually dimorphic secondary sexual trait development (e.g. beards), men rank similarly to male nonhuman primates with polygynous mating systems (Dixson et al.,  2005), large social group sizes and multilevel social organizations (Grueter et al., 2015). These conditions favor sexually selected ornaments that signal social status and dominance involved primarily in male-male competition and potentially secondarily in attractiveness to females.”  FROM: I Can Wear a Beard, but you Should Shave…Preferences for Men’s Facial Hair From the Perspective of Both Sexes  (2020), ProQuest Central Database

“The idea of software patterns originally came from the field of architecture. Christopher Alexander, an architect, wrote two revolutionary books that describe patterns in building architecture and urban planning: A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction (Oxford University Press, 1977) and The Timeless Way of Building (Oxford University Press, 1979). The ideas presented in those books are applicable to a number of fields outside of architecture, including software development.”  FROM: Patterns in Java, Volume 1: A Catalog of Reusable Design Patterns Illustrated with UML, Second Edition (2002). Books 24/7

Originally posted in the Freeman/Lozier Library’s quarterly newsletter, More Than BooksV. 24 No. 2, Spring 2021.

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